Previous CIGENE seminars

 Autumn 2019


Date: Wednesday 18th September 2019Sandvik Guro Katrine

Presenter: Guro K. Sandvik, CIGENE
Title: CRISPR: designer babies and dehorned cows

How to encourage the public to reject a revolutionizing technique with unlimited potential for science, environment and human welfare

Abstract: CRISPR is a fantastic new technique, and can be used to manipulate the DNA and RNA in ways we could only dream of a couple of years ago. In this talk, I will present some new exciting techniques and use some examples from my previous postdoc working with CRISPR in live mouse brain. Despite the huge potential this technique has for improving food production and medical treatment, the public view of this method is not always so positive, in part because eager scientists and companies use the technique prematurely. I will discuss some recent happenings that is increasing the public’s skepticism towards the CRISPR technique.


Date: Thursday 26th September 2019

Pernille-Bronken-Eidesen.jpg

Presenter: Pernille Bronken Eidesen
Title: Double up to succeed? Understanding mechanisms and evolutionary consequences of autopolyploidy

Abstract: The arctic flora is dominated by polyploids, and diversification through polyploidy seems particularly beneficial in extreme environments. Still, the direct effect of polyploidy, autopolyploidy in particular, on evolutionary development and success of a species is largely unknown. In this project we aim at reducing knowledge gaps regarding formation, establishment and niche divergence of autopolyploid lineages in natural systems. We have recently established a field-laboratory that include a set-up for autopolyploidy-research on the mixed ploidy species Saxifraga oppositifolia. Through combined molecular and field-based investigations we are adding new pieces to this fascinating puzzle.


Date: Wednesday 9th October 2019Olga Pulouskaya

Presenter: Olga Pawłowska, CIGENE
Title: Adaptation to transposable elements in Drosophila simulans

Abstract: Transposable elements (TEs) are genomic parasites that proliferate within host genomes, and can also invade new species. The P-element, a DNA-based transposable element, recently invaded two Drosophila species: D. melanogaster in the 20th century, and D. simulans, in the 21st. In this talk I present analyses of D. simulans collected early and late in the invasion of the P-element that shed light on the role of silencing RNA molecules (piRNAs) during invasion of TEs.


Date: Tuesday 22nd October 2019Trevor Krabbenhoft

Presenter: Trevor Krabbenhoft
Title: Sequening the suckers: a new teleost resource for understanding the evolution following whole genome duplication’

 

 


Date: Wednesday 6th November 2019Hanne Dvergedal

Presenter: Hanne Dvergedal

Title: Towards an understanding of the genetics and physiology underlying variation in feed efficiency in salmon (Salmo salar)

Abstract An important trait for animal production is how efficiently animals convert their feed into muscle (referred to as feed efficiency). Even small improvements in feed efficiency could save large costs and improve sustainability of the animal production system. In salmon breeding however, individual records of fed efficiency have been lacking due to difficulties in measuring this trait. In this talk I present a new method to measure salmon feed efficiency using stable isotopes and use this method to perform QTL and gene expression analyses to identify genes and genomic regions associated with variation in this important production trait.

H. Dvergedal, J. Ødegård, M. Øverland, L.T. Mydland and G. Klemetsdal


Date: Wednesday 4th of DecemberSusan Johnston

Presenter: Susan Johnston

Title: The evolution of recombination rate variation in wild populations

Abstract: Meiotic recombination is often essential for proper chromosome segregation and is an important driver of genetic diversity. The relative benefits and costs of recombination vary with selection and demography: if recombination rate itself is heritable, then it has the potential to evolve. Our research investigates the evolution of recombination rates in wild populations in Soay sheep (Ovis aries) and Red deer (Cervus elaphus) by identifying genes associated with recombination rate and examining their relationship with reproductive success and survival. I will also discuss the implications of these findings for understanding the evolutionary importance of recombination rate variation more broadly across taxa.

S.E. Johnston, C. Bérénos, J. Huisman, P. Ellis, J. Slate, J.M. Pemberton


Spring 2019


Date: May 22nd, NB new time: 11:00-11:45

Speakers: Ivar Grytten, Geir Kjetil Sandve og Knut Rand, UiO

Title: Graph-based genome representations

Abstract: See the seminar schedule

Knut RandGeir Kjetil SandveIvar grytten

 

 

 

 


Date: May 8thSiri Fjellheim, førsteamanuensis, NMBU.

Speaker: Siri Fjellheim, IPV/CIGENE, NMBU

Title: Evolution of cold acclimation and its role in niche transition in the temperate grass

 

 


Date: April 10thPhilineDec2018

Speaker: Philine Feulner, Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Biogeochemistry, Switserland

Title: Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology. Genomics of the Alpine whitefish radiation

 


Date: April 3rd

Morten Limborg

Tom Gilbert

Speakers: Tom Gilbert and Morten Limborg

Topics:

  • Life through the hologenomic window
  • Applied hologenomics

 


Date: March 20thBildet viser Nicola Barson NMBU

Speaker: Nicola Barson, CIGENE, NMBU

Title: The rainbow genome reveals genetic basis for sex-dependent migratory behavior

 

 


Date: March 6thMats Albertsen

Speaker: Mads Albertsen, Aalborg University

Title: Genomic-centric metagenomics in the long-read era

Time: 10:15-11:00 (for this seminar only)

 


Date: February 20thAmine Namouchi

Speaker: Amine Namouchi, CIGENE, NMBU

Title: Tracing the plague through Medieval times using metagenomics and phylogenomics of ancient DNA

 

 


Date: February 6thYann and Julien beskjært

Speaker: Yann Guigen and Julien Bobe, INRA, France

Title: Novel teleost whole-genome sequences for studying genome evolution after whole genome duplication (Julien) and sex determination (Yann)


Autumn 2018


Date: November 21stMichel Moser

Speaker: Dr. Michel Moser – postdoctor at CIGENE | BIOVIT |NMBU

Title: Genomic insighs into pollinator adaptation in Petunia

Abstract can be found here.


Date: October 24thCBerthelot_square

Speaker: Dr. Camille Berthelot, Research Associate (CR2) at INSERM, Paris, France.

Title: Regulatory evolution of mammalian genomes

Abstract can be found here.


Date: October 10th MO

Speaker: Dr. Marie-Odile Baudement,  postdoctor at CIGENE | BIOVIT |NMBU

Talk title: “Mapping the functional genomic landscape through sequencing of High-salt Recovered Sequences”

 


Date: 5th of SeptemberAlexSuh

Speaker: Dr. Alexander Suh (lab webpage), Dept. of Evolutionary Biology (EBC), Uppsala University

Title: Filling assembly gaps and knowledge gaps with transposable elements

 

 


Spring 2018


Date: Wednesday 8th May

Speaker: Prof. Jorge Fernandes

Title: Growth-related epigenetic changes during domestication of Nile tilapia

 

 

Date: Wednesday 25th April.Bildet viser Gustav Vaaje-Kolstad, Post-doc / forsker

Speaker: Ass. prof. Gustav Vaaje-Kolstad, KBM/NMBU

Title: Proteomic properties of the Atlantic salmon skin-mucus and its microbiota

 

 

Date: Wednesday 4th of April

Speaker: Prof. Yves Van de Peer

Talk title: The evolutionary significance of polyploidy.

Place: Festspisesalen på samfunnet (see map: Kart_festspisesal)

Time: 12.15-13.00

 

 

Date: Wednesday 21st of March

Speaker: Associate prof. Ola Westengen, Noragric, NMBU

Talk title: Crops and cultures – a co-evolutionary perspective on domestication

 

 

Date: Wednesday 8th of March

Speaker: Prof. Susan McCouch,  Cornell University, USA

Talk title: The history of rice domestication: genetic isolation punctuated by genetic exchange

Time: 09:15-10.00

SKP auditorium

 

Date: Wednesday 7th of February

Fabian Grammes, researcher IHA/BIOVIT, NMBU

Talk title: Epigenomic impact on sea lice resistance in Atlantic salmon

 

 

 


Autumn 2017


Date: Wednesday 29 November, 12.15-13.00

Speaker: Tatiana Belova, researcher IPV, NMBU

Talk title: Putting the bread wheat genome sequence to work: analysing Norwegian bread wheat quality cultivars and wheat allergenicity epitopes

 

 

Date: Wednesday 15th November

Speaker: Ass. Prof. Simen Rød Sandve

Talk title: The grayling genome  reveals insights into gene expression evolution following genome duplication

Where: Husdyrfagbygningen, room H109, 12.15-13.00

 

 

Date: Wednesday 1st of Octoberknutrudi

Presenter: Knut Rudi, Professor in Microbiology. KMB, NMBU

Talk title: Gut microbiota of Atlantic salmon

 

 

 

Date: Wednesday 18th of OctoberTorgeir2015_Vasser

Presenter: Torgeir R Hvidsten. Professor in Bioinformatics. KMB, NMBU

Talk title: Gene regulatory networks involved in wood development (find paper here)

 

 

Date: Monday 2nd of OctoberAnnaWargeliusmindre.small

Presenter: Anna Wargelius. Group leader at the Norwegian Institute for Marine Research.

Talk title: Gene editing-addressing major sustainability issues 

in Atlantic salmon farming